Lawyers who practice municipal and local government law deal with the powers, procedures and operations of local governmental units. The primary focus is on service to municipal clients, including cities, towns, villages, counties, and special districts. Municipal attorneys often handle a full range of trial and non-trial representation, from defending suits brought against the municipality to drafting ordinances. Lawyers who do this kind of work may also be involved in lobbying, labor and employment law, taxation, urban renewal, land acquisition and development, land use regulation, public bidding and contracts, waste disposal, traffic and ordinance violations, and much more.
Municipal lawyers often work directly for a governmental unit as city attorneys or corporation counsel, often specializing in a particular area of law. However, many private practitioners serve as general counsel for smaller municipalities who do not have in-house counsel, providing a full range of legal services for their municipal clients. Private practitioners are also frequently hired as special counsel for specific projects or matters.
These are the entry level courses that — at a minimum — employers expect a student interested in this specialty to have .
Students interested in this practice area should consider including one or more of the following courses as electives.
- Administrative Law
- Business Organizations I
- Constitutional Law I
- Contracts II
- State & Local Taxation
- Real Estate Transactions
- Trial Advocacy
These courses deepen or broaden the skills and substantive information that a lawyer in this field needs and also provide advanced courses for students interested in a specialty area.
- Corporate Finance Law
- Environmental Law and Institutions
- Labor and Employment Law
- Labor Relations II
- Law & Contemporary Problems:
- Community Economic Development Law
- Income Tax of Real Estate Transactions
- New Approaches to Regulation: Law & Policy
- Taxation I (A)
- Water Rights Law
(Note that whether a particular course is scheduled depends on faculty availability and student demand.)
The Judicial Internship Program gives students an opportunity to work with trial and appellate judges and view the judicial process from the perspective of the decision maker. Placements include the Wisconsin Supreme Court; Wisconsin Court of Appeals; Dane County Circuit Courts; United States District Court in both Milwaukee and Madison; and, the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. Students able to get placement within a court outside of Wisconsin are also allowed to participate. Students get to observe the court system from the inside; meet judges, clerks, and lawyers; learn about the work of judges and their law clerks; and evaluate the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of lawyers appearing before the courts. The actual work performed may vary from judge to judge but the emphasis is on research and writing.
The Labor Law Externship provides placements for students in a labor law setting. Students spend two days a week working under the supervision of attorneys of the National Labor Relations Board in Milwaukee, the Wisconsin Employment Relations Commission in Madison, or in other similar agencies. They attend hearings, write draft opinions, research issues, write memos, and in general are exposed to the broad range of work done by the agency. A weekly seminar on current issues provides additional learning opportunities.
Students work in various civil units of the Wisconsin Department of Justice,at the Department of Natural Resources, 1,000 Friends of Wisconsin, or the Midwest Environmental Advocates. The program offers law students a unique opportunity to gain hands-on experience in public advocacy and litigation. Externs practice trial, appellate and administrative law with some of the state's most well-respected litigators, working on matters statewide importance. A weekly seminar accompanies the placement.
Student Organizations and Related Activities
The University of Wisconsin Business & Tax Law Association promotes and enhances the study and practice of business and tax law. BATLAW also encourages high standards of academic achievement as well as social interaction with other law students, faculty, and the professional community. Several faculty members and some of the largest law firms in Wisconsin are included in BATLAW's membership.
Moot Court is a mock appellate advocacy program. First-year students are selected for Moot Court through competitive tryouts in the spring of their first year. The Moot Court Board organizes, promotes, and supports the intramural and intercollegiate moot court competitions, and annually sends dozens of UW law students to competitions at law schools across the country. Each spring, the Law School also hosts the Evan A. Evans Competition, a moot court event in which students from around the country argue a constitutional law case.
The Law School's adjunct faculty members — prominent practicing lawyers and judges — bring their specialized knowledge and experience to the classroom in this area. In addition to our full-time faculty, the Law School's adjunct faculty members — prominent practicing lawyers and judges — bring their specialized knowledge and experience to the classroom. Adjunct Faculty List.