Adolf Hitler only gave his personal instruction to execute one person: Mildred Fish-Harnack. Mildred Fish was a Milwaukee native who earned her bachelor’s and master’s degrees from UW Madison in the mid-1920s. She taught in the UW Madison English Department and wrote for the Wisconsin State Journal and the Wisconsin Literary Magazine. At UW, Mildred met Arvid Harnack and they married and moved to his native country of Germany, settling in Berlin in 1930.
The Harnacks formed and ran a Nazi resistance organization that published an underground newsletter, gave economic information to the U.S. and Soviet Embassies in Berlin, spread anti-Nazi news reports, and helped dissidents and Jewish people leave Germany. A captured Soviet spy exposed the Harnack’s activities in 1942 and the Nazis arrested Mildred, Arvid, and 116 - 120 other members of the resistance. Arvid was executed in 1942 and Mildred was initially sentenced to six years of hard labor. Hitler personally ordered her to be retried resulting in her execution on February, 16th 1943- the only American civilian to be executed by Hitler as an underground conspirator. A sculpture by John Durbrow in honor of Mildred Fish-Harnack was dedicated in 2019 and resides in Madison in Marshall Park (2101 Allen Boulevard).
More information on Mildred Fish Harnack is available through:
The UW-Madison’s Office of International Studies and Programs (now the International Divison) established an annual Human Rights and Democracy Lecture in 1994 named in honor of Mildred Fish-Harnack for her courage, idealism, and self-sacrifice. The lecture seeks to promote greater understanding of human rights issues and explore the intersections of human rights and democracy around the world. Presenters of the Mildred Fish-Harnack Lecture advocate for human rights through academic scholarship and/or active leadership and discuss human rights and democracy around the world. UW-Madison's International Division coordinated the lecture until the Human Rights Program was created in 2015.
Upcoming Lecture - This lecture has been canceled
“The Lawless Digital Age – and How to Stop It”
Thursday, April 16, 2020
Alumni Lounge, Pyle Center
Lecture with a reception to follow
This event is FREE and open to the general public but for planning purposes please register on Eventbrite
UC Irvine Director, International Justice Clinic & UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Freedom of Opinion & Expression
David Kaye is a clinical professor of law at the University of California, Irvine, and the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression. He is also the author of Speech Police: The Global Struggle to Govern the Internet (2019). His reporting for the UN has addressed, among other things, encryption and anonymity (PDF), the protection of whistleblowers and journalistic sources (PDF), the regulation of online content by social media and search companies, Artificial Intelligence technologies and human rights, the private surveillance industry, and online hate. He has also written for international and American law journals and numerous media outlets. He began his legal career with the U.S. State Department’s Office of the Legal Adviser, is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and is a former member of the Executive Council of the American Society of International Law.
About the Lecture
The earliest hopes for the digital age – a democratized information environment, a space beyond the reach of governments, interconnections for communities and the marginalized – have proven too high. Instead, we have an internet that subjects us to surveillance, that concentrated wealth and power in the hands of a few, that facilitated the decimation of traditional media, that enables cross-border disinformation and attack. Are we beyond help? What strategies might help transform what now appears lawless into something bound by law? What tools do we have to guarantee free expression and privacy while also addressing today’s harms, such as rampant disinformation, harassment, misogyny, and online hate?
Distinguished people throughout the world have given Mildred Fish Harnack Lectures, such as President of Ireland Mary Robinson, International Court of Justice Judge and Holocaust survivor Thomas Buergenthal, and UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay. Learn about their lectures and more through the Mildred Fish Harnack Archive - UW Law School's Digital Repository.